• © Denis Carl - Flickr
  • © Tambako the Jaguar2 - flickr
  • © iStock Photo
  • © Steve Winter/National Geographic Image Collection
  • © Steve Winter/National Geographic Image Collection
  • © Wildland Adventures

Tiger Facts

Scientific name: Panthera tigris

The tiger holds a unique place in the human imagination. They have been revered in mythology, worshipped as gods, symbolized in constellations, and feared as man-eaters. In a recent Animal Planet poll, these cats were voted the world’s favorite animal.

Most researchers estimate that there are fewer than 4,000 left in the world. They are threatened primarily by loss of habitat, poaching, and conflicts with humans.

Learn more facts about tigers and big cats here.

 

Tiger Conservation Safaris

 

 

Tiger Facts

  • Tigers are the world’s largest cat, with males weighing as much as 800 lbs (320 kg). Females can weigh up to 400 lbs (180 kg).
  • The majority of surviving tigers are Bengal tigers, many of them living in India. 
  • Their patterns of stripes are unique which researchers use to tell individuals apart.
  • These creatures have been spotted at altitudes as high as nearly 15,000 feet (4,500 meters).
  • According to researchers, these cats kill as many as 50 large animals a year for food.

Distribution

At one time, tigers lived across Asia from Turkey to as far east as Indonesia. They have disappeared from more than 90 percent of their range over the past hundred years including large areas in Southeast and Eastern Asia.

According to the IUCN, tigers now survive in thirteen countries across Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.

 

Status

IUCN Status: Endangered

Population Trend: Decreasing

In addition to the current threats, tigers were nearly wiped out in the 1800’s and 1900’s by intensive hunting. Hunting was commonly done by wealthy individuals who kept their furs as trophies.

Of the nine historic sub-species, three have become extinct. Some of the world’s first parks were created as hunting reserves by Indian royalty and later colonial rulers.

Learn more about other threats here.

 

What Is SEEtheWILD?

We're a non-profit wildlife conservation travel organization that supports local efforts to protect endangered animals. We work with quality tour operators who have passed our criteria to ensure low environmental impact. We're part of The Ocean Foundation.

For more information about tigers, contact us.


Feature Tiger Trip

Tigers & Travels in India

Search for the elusive tiger in India's big national parks, Bandhavgarh and Kanha.

Price: $5,595 pp / Dates: June

panthera-tigris
© iStock Photo
tiger-russia
© Denis Carl - Flickr
Tiger-India-Steve-Winter
© Steve Winter/National Geographic Image Collection
Tiger-stalking-grass
© Steve Winter/National Geographic Image Collection